Saturday, June 27, 2020

George Kirk

The fourth person mentioned in the division of land in the John Kirk Dec’d estate file is George Kirk.

Division the 4th Lot No 3 valuation $440 George Kirk. Lying on both sides of Lick Creek beginning at a pine by a hickory and post oak pointers on the south side of said creek and runs forty west ninety poles to a pine by a pine pointer thence 80 45 west one hundred and seventy nine poles to a blackjack by a post oak thence south forty five east 70 poles to a small post oak thence north forty five (?) east sixty eight poles thence south forty five east one hundred and fifteen poles to a post oak thence north 45 east 112 poles to a pine by a red oak thence north 45 west 115 poles to the beginning. Containing one hundred and eighty acres.

Much research has been done on George Kirk, the son of John Kirk Esq. Hundreds of internet pages detailing nearly every aspect of his life can be found. George Kirk, the son of John Kirk Esq, was born about 1794. He lived his entire life in Montgomery County, North Carolina. He owned property on both sides of the Yadkin / Pee Dee River. He died in 1845, 4 years after the formation of Stanly County from Montgomery County in 1841.

I was surprised to learn that there were two George Kirk’s in Montgomery County. The other George Kirk was much older and can be found on the 1790 Census for Montgomery County along with James and John Kirk. This George also had 4 land grants on the east side of the Pee Dee River and along the Uwharrie River from as early as 1779, at the formation of Montgomery County from Anson County. Anson records show no listing of a George Kirk that I could find online. His nearest neighbors were Moses Sanders/Saunders and John Morris.

More information on Moses Sanders/Saunders can be found here:

I have no further information on who John Morris is.

Back to George Kirk, the son of John Kirk Esq. George married Francis Bell, the daughter of Benjamin Bell and Elizabeth Ledbetter who resided on the west side of the Pee Dee River. I have posted two Blogs about the Bell family back in January and February.

In the estate file found at Family Search, the 1847 Stanly County court petition for a widow’s dower states that her (Francis) husband died seized and possessed of a very large and valuable real estate lying in the counties of Stanly and Montgomery.

1st tract: Lying in the county of Stanly on the waters of the Pee Dee River containing 150 acres, it being the Home tract including the dwelling house and Ferry, boundaries of which will more fully appear by reference to a deed from Alexander Kirk to George Kirk.

2nd tract: Lying in the county of Stanly on the waters of the Yadkin River containing 192 acres, the boundaries of which will appear by reference to a deed from John Kirk dated 17 Sep 1835.

3rd tract: Lying in the county of Stanly on the waters of the Pee Dee or Yadkin containing 87 acres, the boundaries of which will appear by reference to a deed from Elizabeth Melton dated 23 Oct 1830.

4th tract: Lying and adjoining the last-mentioned tract (3rd tract) containing 30 acres, the boundaries of which will appear by reference to a deed from Elizabeth Melton and William Melton dated 23 Oct 1830.

5th tract: Containing 250 acres lying on the Yadkin Ricer in the county aforesaid (Stanly) the boundaries of which will appear by reference to a deed from Thomas Huckabee dated 13 Apr 1832.

6th tract: Lying in the Pee Dee River containing 100 acres, the boundaries of which will appear by reference to a deed from Thomas Pemberton dated 1 Nov 1837.

7th tract: Lying in the waters of the Pee Dee River containing 150 acres, the boundaries of which will appear by reference to a deed from George C. Mendenhall dated 26 Sep 1840.

8th tract: Containing 25 acres, the boundaries of which will appear by reference to a deed from Benjamin Bell dated 15 Oct 1838.

9th tract: 50 acres granted to George Kirk on 4 Dec 1840, the boundaries of which will appear by reference to said grant.

10th tract: Containing 5 acres, it being an island near George Kirk’s fish trap, as will appear by reference to a grant dated 12 Feb 1847.

11th tract: A small lot of land lying between Horse Ford Island and the Terrapin H? on which is situated a fish trap.

12th tract: Containing 87 acres adjoining the lands of Nancy Harris and others lying near the Salisbury Road in the county of Stanly.

13th tract: In the county of Montgomery on the waters of Dutch John Creek containing 380 acres, the boundaries of which will appear by reference to a deed from William Brookshire.

I was only able to find one deed, dated 1838, in Montgomery County between George Kirk and Benjamin Bell, his father-in-law, where George sold to Benjamin 20 acres of land for $15. It is assumed that the deeds noted above were lost or destroyed in multiple courthouse fires.

Remember, when I began this series of posts last month, in May, on the Kirk family, I said, “To my knowledge, I am not a direct descendant of the Kirk family. I became interested in learning about the Kirk family because they once lived in the same area as my Marks and Fesperman families. Therefore, knowing about the Kirk’s might bring some knowledge about my own direct ancestors.”
Imagine my excitement when I found my fourth great grandfather, John Marks, and his son, William Marks, my third great grandfather, serving as chain carrier for a grant for George Kirk, who had at least two land grants in Montgomery County, one issued in 1827, Grant # 2816 and another in 1840, Grant # 3243.

It always pays to research the neighbors of your ancestors! You are sure to find some tidbit of information. Before this find, the earliest date I had of John Marks being in Montgomery County was around 1833 when he was found making purchases in Daniel Freeman’s General Store in Lawrenceville, then the county seat of Montgomery. The 1833 date is now pushed back seven years to 1826!

In the estate file for George Kirk Dec’d, is a partial record of a court case where Lucretia Fry sued the estate for $90 owed to her by George Kirk. There were some interesting material witnesses subpoenaed for the case, William Solomon and Martha (Dennis) Blalock of Stanly County and Frances Dennis and Willis Morgan of Montgomery County.

William Solomon, also found as a chain carrier with John Marks, married Tabitha Marks, daughter of James Marks and Catherine Gunter of Chatham County, North Carolina. He was a Reverend and had an association with Ebenezer (now Badin) Baptist Church in present day Badin, Stanly County. In fact, after much research into the Solomon and Marks families, I now believe it very possible that my third great grandparents, William Buck Marks and Leah Caroline Fesperman, whose father Michael Fesperman also had a long-standing history with the same church, knew each other through the Solomon/Marks family. They all attended the same church. James and Catherine Gunter Marks were William Marks’s Uncle and Aunt through his father John Marks, brother to James and his mother, Mary Gunter Marks, sister to Catherine.

Martha Dennis Blalock married William David Blalock Jr, who is the son of William David Blalock Sr from Chatham County, North Carolina and lived near the relatives of Willis Morgan. Martha is the daughter of Andrew and Martha Dennis from Montgomery County and the sister-in-law of Frances Blalock Dennis.

Frances Dennis is most likely Francis Blalock Dennis who married Jesse Dennis and is the sister-in-law of Martha Dennis Blalock and sister to William David Blalock Jr.

Willis Morgan is the son of Charles and Delilah Morgan. Charles is from Chatham County as well; moving as a young man to Montgomery County about 1805, with his father Charles Morgan Sr. Willis Morgan married Bethany Bailey Delamothe, the widow of Henry Delamothe.

The estate file of George Kirk offers one testimony, that of Abia Rice of whom I have learned nothing. I am pretty sure that Abia is the Abra Rice found living near-by to Daniel Kirk on the 1840 Census for the West (Stanly) side of the river in then Montgomery County. Listed between 30 and 40 years of age, he would have been born about 1795. If anyone has any information on who this is, drop me a comment.

Abia does offer some insight, telling us that, “at the time the plaintiff (Lucretia Fry) had her property removed from the possession of the defendant (George Kirk) the plaintiff demanded a note of the defendant for the amount due the plaintiff which the defendant refused to give but said he was willing to settle with plaintiff if there was anything due her. Defendant said when he took the note from her, he did not expect to pay her anything but a few dollars at a time.”

Question asked Abia Rice by the Plaintiff, “Did not the defendant agree to give his note for a certain amount less than I claimed of him?” Answer: “I do not recollect.”

Question asked Abia Ria by the Defendant, “Did Lucretia Fry ever live in and with your family?” Answer: “She did.” “Was she any advantage to you or your family?” Answer: “If she was, I do not know it.”

In the Fall Term of Court 1844, George Kirk provides a written statement to explain the absence of Tuner Ingram who was “well acquainted with plaintiff and knew her while she lived with Defendant and knew her to live there as one of the family and treated as such and that her services were worth very little to the defendant and of no benefit over and above her trouble and expense.” In other words, she was more trouble than she was worth! It makes me wonder why she lived with the George Kirk family and why they put up with her? Was she a relative of some sort? It can be extrapolated from the testimony that Lucretia lived with George Kirk and provided some sort of service to him, or at least she thought she did, and was now attempting, through the court, to obtain payment for her services to the George Kirk household.

The other material witnesses, William Solomon and Martha (Dennis) Blalock of Stanly County and Frances Dennis and Willis Morgan of Montgomery County must have all been called as witnesses to provide their insight into the relationship between Lucretia Fry and George Kirk.

The statement, given by George Kirk, provides a genealogical clue that Turner Ingram’s brother lived in Anson County and that as his brother had died, Turner had gone to the funeral.

Moving on to Newspapers, I found that in Nov 1820, George Kirk found a stray horse of which he entered in the Stray Book of Montgomery County. A description of the horse can be found in the Newspaper ad submitted by Richard Stokes, Ranger.

Dr. Francis Kron, who also lived in the area of Montgomery that became Stanly County in 1841, offers insight about his near neighbors and the lives that they lived. In his journal, dated 1835, he writes that he lived about a mile west from the Yadkin River. Dr. Kron personally knew the Kirk family and was personal physician to many of them. Dr. Kron tells us that between his home and the river stood the Kirk Inn and that after George Kirk died, his wife, Francis Bell Kirk, (called Frankie), continued to operate the Kirk Inn.

That area today, is overgrown and lush, with only a hint that life was once abundant here. The Kirk Inn undoubtedly sat on the hill that rises above the river, an old roadbed cut into the land by the wagons that brought passengers from the Kirk Ferry to the Kirk Inn.

George's brother, Alexander, inherited from John Kirk Esq, their father, what is now known as the old Lowder Ferry, located below the junction of the Uwharrie and Yadkin Rivers, where the Yadkin becomes the Pee Dee River. Dr. Francis Kron, in his journal, referred to a ferry one mile from his home as Kirk's Ferry. In 1830, Alexander Kirk sold the ferry to his brother, George Kirk, who operated it until his death in 1845. Between 1860-1870, George Kirk’s heirs sold the ferry and the land to David Lowder.

According to “Stanly County USA: THE STORY OF AN AREA AND AN ERA (1841-1991), the Kirk Inn was a two-story building that contained 16 rooms with a wood stove in each room.”

“The plantation we live is on the west side of the Yadkin, a mile from Kirk's Ferry the same distance south of the great falls on the market road from Salisbury to Fayetteville.” Dr. Francis Kron’s journal.

“A modern Madeleine was taken in the evening with most violent symptoms of hysteria. Mrs. (widow) Kirk, who was delivered of a posthume two years after the death of her husband, is the penitent to whose aid I was called. She talked most lamentably of her faults, the disgrace of her children, her sorrow and desire for forgiveness and mercy. She is at last in a way to recover from her spasms and menial mania.” Dr. Francis Kron’s journal.

“From my house to within a mile of patient's I traveled on the Salisbury Turn-Pike. It either crosses incessantly the numerous ridges that expire on the edge of the Yadkin or follows the bed of some branch through narrow stony gaps. On that whole road there are but two plantations with tenants; two worn out and abandoned and another in a way of clearing to be abandoned at some future day. The first inhabited plantation about a mile from my house, where one Michael Fesperman, a millwright and ingenious mechanician lives.” Dr. Francis Kron’s journal.

“On returning home met with Mr. Carter of Rowan County a former member of the legislature whom, it being dark and he unacquainted with the road, I conducted to G. Kirk's for traveling accommodations.” Dr. Francis Kron’s journal.

In 1846, the Carolina Watchman, a Newspaper in Salisbury, North Carolina, paid a Tribute of Respect to John Giles Esq, late of Salisbury, who had died at the home of Mrs. George Kirk in Stanly County while on his way from Lawrenceville (Montgomery County) to Albemarle (Stanly County). The article does not say how he died, but in 1846, the only way to get from Lawrenceville to Albemarle was by way of ferry across the river.

Kirk’s Ferry is found in multiple old Newspapers from as far back as 1816, three years before John Kirk Esq, the father of George Kirk, died. It must have been a landmark, known by all in the counties of Montgomery and Stanly and even Rowan. James Mask and Alfred Dockery, when advertising land for sale, made sure to mention that said land was close to Kirk’s Ferry, location, location, location!

Another article, dated 1848, made note that Kirk’s books showed the average for both ways per year was 400 wagon crossings, 750 horseman and 40 to 50 light carts and wagons.

In 1883, Dr Kron’s obituary noted he died at his home near Kirk’s Ferry.

In 1884, news of the storm that destroyed David Lowder’s fine two-story dwelling that was erected at the old Kirk Ferry, at the mouth of the Uwharrie River, was reported from Charlotte.

In 1887, Capt. W.H. Bixby and Lieut. Taylor of the U.S. Engineers, took an adventurous journey down the Yadkin and Pee Dee Rivers in what was reported as a small flat-bottomed skiff with two oars. They put in 40 miles above Salisbury. The trip was to make an examination of the Pee Dee with reference to improvement of the navigation of the river. The gentlemen were to paddle 150 miles down river to Cheraw, South Carolina.

The first day, the party made 57 miles with but little difficulty. The second day they made but 14 miles due the tumbling falls and rapids of the river. They had gone but 3 miles when the boat struck a rock which made a 3-foot-long crack in one side, a quarter inch wide, plunging down a 4-foot fall, and came to rest on a rock. Repairs were made to the boat and the journey continued only to encounter larger, 8 foot falls and currents so swift that the boat was swept along at speeds of more than 20 miles per hour causing the boat to upset and drop its passengers and all their belongings into the river.

Upon pulling the boat to shore and collecting what belongings they could, two of the men decided to make a reconnaissance on foot down the river. They found a fall over which it would have been impossible to pass over in the boat. The article seems to suggest that the men carried the boat between them down the river and over the rocks, past the dangerous falls. About a mile further, the men hauled the boat out of the river again and carried it some 5 miles around the Narrows until finally coming to stop for the day at Mr. Lowder’s, at Kirk’s Ferry.

George Kirk died in 1845 and is said to be buried in the Kron graveyard. His wife, Francis Bell Kirk, called Frankie, lived until Nov 1869, when her name is found on the U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1885 as dying from Typhoid Fever.

Friday, June 19, 2020

Paulina Mary 'Polly' Kirk Moss

The third person mentioned in the division of land in the John Kirk Dec’d estate file is Polly Moss.

Division the 3rd Lot No 6 valuation $561 to Polly Moss. Lying on both sides of Ryals Creek beginning at a pine by two pines the beginning corner of a hundred acre survey and runs with a line of lot No 5 south west one hundred and thirty two poles to a dogwood by a dogwood the corner of lot No 7 thence with a line of said lot south thirty nine east one hundred and eighty two poles to a maple by a willow oak thence east 54 poles to an ash by two ash pointers in a swamp thence north 30 west 114 poles to a stake between a hickory and red oak pointers thence east 121 poles to a pine thence north 127 poles to a hickory by a sweet gum thence west 127 poles to the beginning. Containing one hundred and eighty-seven acres.

At her father, John Kirk’s, death, Polly inherited 187 acres of land on both sides of Ryals Creek that adjoined her brother’s Parham (Lot No 5) and Lewis (Lot No 7).

Polly Kirk was born about 1793 in Montgomery County, North Carolina, in those parts that later became Stanly County. She shows up on the 1800 Census for Montgomery County in the home of her father, John Kirk. She has 9 siblings, 4 brothers under the age of 10, 1 brother between the ages of 10-15, 2 brothers ages 16-25, a sister under the age of 10, 2 sisters between the ages of 10-15.

In 1810, John Kirk is listed with 4 daughters living in his home. Polly is most likely one of the 2 daughters listed between the ages of 16-25.

I know, based on the date of John Kirk’s estate file, that he died about 1818/19 and Polly was named as Polly Moss in that file, so she married after 6 August 1810, the official enumeration day of the 1810 census. Known son, Edward Moss, was born about 1816, so I can conclude that Mary Kirk married about 1816 at the age of 23.

On 14 Nov 1834, Dr. Francis Kron noted in his journal that he had a visit from his immediate neighbor, Mrs. Paulina Moss, who was a living widow, being separated from her maniacal husband. I am not sure if this indicates that her husband is still living, but Polly is, indeed, separated from him either by choice or by death. Dr. Kron notes that Polly lives with her brother, James Kirk, who is about 36 years of age and not married. Dr. Kron also notes that Polly is a virtuous, active, amiable woman with much prudence.

Back tracking to the 1830 Census, Polly Moss and her son can be found living with her brother, James Kirk. So, she has been a widow or separated from her husband since at least 1830.

Dr. Francis Kron lived in what is current day Morrow Mountain State Park in Stanly County, North Carolina. Historical records tell us that this area was not, in what most think, the backwoods. I would venture to say that the area is more backwoods in current times than it was in the 1830s. On the contrary, Dr. Kron lived in a prosperous area, on a (then) main road and had many neighbors, among them, Fesperman, Moss, and Kirk, whom like himself were considered hardworking and prosperous families.

On the first day of Dec 1835, Polly sells to Conrad Miller of Rowan County, 23-acres of land that she inherited from her father, John Kirk, when he died in 1818. The deed states that this land was originally part of a 100-acre survey granted to James Morey and the survey showed it began at a stake on the west side and at the old Ford of said (Ryals) creek.

James Morey has two grants but only one shows issued, No 5382. That survey, done in July 1801, is for 100-acres of land on Ryals creek joining the widow Weeks, Fisher and Kirk’s land on the Salisbury road. The chain carriers were David Stillwell and Russell Freeman. At some point between 1804 and 1818, John Kirk perhaps purchased all, or at least part of, this land from James Morey. I found what might be a possible James Morey on the 1790 and 1800 Census of Montgomery County, but he seems to disappear after that. Since deed records for Montgomery were mostly destroyed, I am not able to confirm that John Kirk purchased this land from James Morey or from some other person that James Morey may have sold it to.

Conrad Miller, whom Polly Moss sold the land to, is the son of Jacob Miller, a man of German descent who hales back to LT Johann Wendel Miller who arrived in Pennsylvania in the 1730s. In 1753, a Land Grant is issued to Wendel Miller in Rowan County, North Carolina. He is one of the earliest settlers in Rowan County, and at the age of 22 takes a Native American to live as his common-law wife. She was called "Indian Lady" and given the Christian name Elizabeth (courtesy of Find-A-Grave).

Conrad Miller married Susana Lentz, the daughter of Johann Dewalt “David” Lentz, who is also of German descent, born in Berks County, Pennsylvania and made his way to Rowan County with the tens of thousands of German and Scotch-Irish immigrants who entered the colony from the north along the Great Wagon Road and settled in the western Piedmont of North Carolina. The Moravian settlements of Bethabara, Bethania, and Salem, as well as the cities of Salisbury (Rowan County) and Charlotte (Mecklenburg County), owe their creation and expansion to the Great Wagon Road (

After 1835 things get a bit tricky in the research of Polly Kirk Moss. I feel certain that she had at least one child, a son, and they are most likely the same as listed in the household of James Kirk in 1830. Most research suggests that Edward Moss, married Christina Barringer, is the son of Thomas and Polly Kirk Moss. My research has not found any documented evidence to this theory. I have not found any to disprove it either.

There is some research done by David Kirk Shaver Sr found on Ancestry and attached to many family trees that seems to indicate that enough research has been done on this family to at least conclude that Edward Moss is the son of Thomas and Polly Kirk Moss.

It is through two children of Edward Moss, Ellen and John, that I currently can claim a family tie back to the Kirk Family. Ellen Moss married Stokes Allen Earnhardt and my Morris line, in much later years married into the Earnhardt family. John Moss married Julia Misenheimer, whose line reaches back to my own maternal Misenheimer line from Cabarrus and Rowan Counties. The grandchildren of Edward Moss will marry into my Dennis line via way of Ragsdale and the great grandchildren of Edward Moss will marry into my Fesperman line.

If anyone out there does have documented proof that Edward Moss is the son of Polly Kirk Moss, please reach out to me through this Blog.

Saturday, June 13, 2020

Lewis Kirk

The second person mentioned in the division of land in the John Kirk Dec’d estate file is Lewis Kirk.

Division the 2nd lot No 7 valuation $561 to Lewis Kirk lying on both sides of Ryals (Riles) Creek beginning at a stake standing in said creek between a hickory maple and oak pointers Caleb Goomious (?) corner and runs with his line west forty two poles to a pine thence as his other line south thirty five east two hundred and ten poles to a post oak thence north fifty six east one hundred and fifty five poles to a red oak thence north thirty four west twenty poles to a maple by a willow oak thence north thirty nine west one hundred and eighty two poles to a dogwood by a dogwood pointer on a line of lot No 5 thence with said line south fifty west one hundred and six poles to its corner sweet gum thence south four poles to the beginning. Containing one hundred and eighty-seven acres as stated in the above plats.

I have not been able to find much information on Lewis Kirk. Even searching internet archives did not reveal any documentation that I could definitively conclude was Lewis. I did find him on the 1830 Census for the west side of the Pee Dee River and living next door to his brother, George Kirk. This Census showed Lewis (Louis) as age between 40 – 50 with one male 5 to 10 years, 2 females under 5, and 1 female 30 to 40 years old. Per the 1830 Census, Lewis Kirk was a slave owner. This Census shows him with Slaves - Males - Under 10: 2, Slaves - Males - 10 thru 23: 1, Slaves - Females - 10 thru 23: 1, Slaves - Females - 55 thru 99: 1

At I found one land grant for Lewis Kirk for one hundred acres of land in Montgomery County on the south west side of the Yadkin River beginning at said Lewis Kirk’s old corner and adjoins Dockery’s line, dated 23 Dec 1825.

This survey that goes along with this grant is found at Ancestry. The land grant was entered 9 Sep 1823 and ordered surveyed 9 Dec 1823 by Entry Taker, McRae. The survey was completed by L. Simmons 2 Jul 1825 and the grant issued 23 Dec 1825.

The Dockery listed in the Lewis Kirk survey is no doubt Alfred Dockery who owned land on the south west side of the Yadkin River with Mark Jones. Nancy Kirk Jones, seen on the above survey for John Kirk land division and sister of Lewis Kirk, no doubt, married into this Jones family.

The Dockery and Jones land grant provides a lot of information on who lived in the neighborhood with Lewis Kirk. The Alfred Dockery and Mark Jones land adjoined that of Wares, Locke’s, Judge Locke’s, and Biles. All prominent citizens of the county.

The Biles and Kirk families would join at the marriage of Tabitha Biles, daughter of (I believe) Francis Biles and granddaughter of Thomas Biles (1752-1844) and Truxton Kirk. Their son, William Kirk, will marry my second cousin twice removed, Judith Ann Marks. This couple later moved to Fannin, Texas. Currently, I do not know who Truxton Kirk’s parents are.

Lewis Kirk looks to have died between the 1830 and 1840 Census years. Or, it is possible he left the area. I cannot find an estate file for him nor do I know, at this time, the names of his children and wife. I will continue searching for him and will provide an update to the Blog should I find him.

Sunday, June 7, 2020

Parham Kirk

The first person mentioned in the division of land in the John Kirk Dec’d estate file is Parham Kirk.

Division the first lot No 5 valuation $561 to Parham Kirk bounded as follows Beginning at a pine standing about fifteen rod south of the county line and runs thence south 256 poles crossing Ryals (Riles) Creek to a sweet gum the corner of lot No 7 thence with that line and the line of lot No 6 North 50 East 238 poles to a pine by two pine pointers thence north 30 poles to two pines on Miller’s line thence as his line West 34 poles to a pine (?) thence North 70 poles to a corner thence West 150 poles to the beginning. Containing one hundred and eighty-seven acres as will appear in the above plat.

Parham Kirk was born about 1785 in Montgomery County, North Carolina to John Kirk Esq. I have seen multiple names for John’s wife and Parham’s mother, but have not seen any documented evidence yet as to what her name is. On the 1790 Census, Parham is listed in the household of his father, John Kirk, as a male under age 16. He has two brothers, also under age 16 and two sisters, whose age is not known as females ages were not listed on the 1790 Census.

The 1800 Census provides a bit more detail on the Kirk family telling us that there are 4 males under 10, 1 male 10-15 (presumably Parham as he was born in 1785), 2 males 16-25 and 1 male 26-44. There are 2 females listed as under age 10 and 2 females listed between the ages of 10-15. One female listed between ages 26-44. John Kirk has 4 slaves, as opposed to one slave in 1790.

By 1810, Parham is living on his own. What is interesting is that he is shown with one male 10-15 and one male 16-25 and one slave. If Parham was born about 1785, he would be about 25 years old in 1810, not old enough to have sons between the ages of these children. No females are showing in the household, so it is presumed that Parham is not married, or his wife has died. Whomever these children are remains a mystery.

Since the 1820 Census of Montgomery County was destroyed, researchers must look to other records to confirm that a person was in the county between the 1820 and 1830 Census years. In 1823, a bill, read aloud and passed, authorized Parham Kirk, late Sherriff of Montgomery County, to collect the arrears of taxes due him. This old Newspaper clipping shows that Parham was still in Montgomery County and active in the community.

In 1828, the Western Carolinian (Salisbury, North Carolina) reported that a bill had passed to allow Parham Kirk to make a purchase of 350 dollars for the purpose of furniture for the government house.

In 1830, Parham, still residing in Montgomery County, is listed between the ages of 40-50, his actual age is 45 years in 1830. Residing with him is one male between the ages of 10-15. This child is not the same child as was seen on the 1810 Census. Those children would have been grown by 1830. So, who is this mystery child? Also note, there are no females living with Parham Kirk.

There is a transcription error in the 1840 Census. When looking at the transcribed record, it shows that Parham Kirk owns 19 slaves. When opening the actual Census record, it shows that Parham Kirk has no slaves. It is always wise to check the actual record against the transcribed record.

In 1840, living with Parham is one male between 15-20 and one male between 20-30. Parham Kirk is listed as between 50-60 years old. No females are living with Parham Kirk.

In 1850, we find Parham, age 67, making his birth year 1783. Parham is a farmer, living alone in Cabarrus County, North Carolina between Catharine Stewart and George Barnhardt. He lists himself as being born in Montgomery County.

On Monday, 10 Jul 1854, the Fayetteville Semi-Weekly Observer (Fayetteville, North Carolina) reported that Mr. Parham Kirk of Stanly County (cut from Montgomery in 1841), came to his death on Monday evening last by falling off a wagon. While crossing a small branch Parham fell from the wagon and the wheels of the wagon passed over him, killing him. Parham was about 70 years old.

There are two estate files for Parham Kirk. Both are located on Ancestry and Family Search. The first, dated 1855, Stanly County, contains 88 pages. The second, dated 1856, Montgomery County, contains 11 pages. The first pages of both files contain the normal records (called writs) showing an attempt to collect debt from the estate or debt owed to the estate. The file dated 1855 contains a court record covering a land dispute between George, William and Thomas Crowell and Marvel Kirk, the Executor of Parham Kirk Dec’d. Neither of the records show the relationship between Marvel Kirk and Parham Kirk. Neither of the records contain the will of Parham Kirk.

On Family Search is found the book ‘Some descendants of John Kirk, 1745-1818 of Montgomery County, North Carolina’ compiled by S. K. Wheeler of Kings Mountain, North Carolina documenting the work of David Kirk Shaver. The book contains information on how to figure out the relationships (see below) but does not provide enough documentation on how the researcher discovered said relationships. However, it is listed that Parham Kirk had written a will in 1846 and in said will is noted specifically that Parham Kirk Jr had left the country (probably meaning county or state?) and should he not return within four years, then Marvel will inherit his portion of Parham’s estate. Thus, it can be reasonably assumed that Marvel is also the son of Parham. The only children listed as Parham’s are Marvel, Davidson and Parham Jr.

I finally found the will of Parham Kirk on Ancestry and in it he provides the names of his family members. Brother Stephen Kirk, brother John Kirk, son Marvel Kirk, son Davidson Kirk, daughter-in-law and wife of Davidson, Margaret Kirk, son Parham Kirk, grandson John Kirk, infant son of Parham Jr, grandson Milford Tar Kirk, grandson William Thomas Kirk, granddaughter July Ann Kirk, granddaughter Susan Giles Kirk. There is no mention of a wife.

Parham Kirk, even before receiving his inheritance of land in his father’s estate division in 1819, had already begun to acquire land on his own. Parham would buy several tracts of land over a period between 1818 and 1850.

In Mar 1818, 75 acres of land in Montgomery County on the south west side of the Yadkin River beginning at his own corner about 50 yards south east of Ryals Creek and runs with James Crowell's line south to his own line of his Kimball tract then to his Parker tract. Chain carriers Caleb Goodman and John Daywalt.
In Nov 1818, 500 acres of land in Montgomery County on both sides of Parker's Spring Branch joining Richard Parker, Munley and Bonner's line and his own line. Chain carriers William Crowell and Drury Parker.

In Jan 1819, 100 acres of land in Montgomery County west of the Yadkin River, on the bank of the river, runs with Stokes's line then with Moses Crowell's line. Chain carriers George Crowell and Moses Crowell.

In Aug 1824, Parham entered 30 acres of land in Montgomery County on the south west side of the Yadkin River beginning Adam Pence's corner, runs with Caleb Goodman's line to his own line. This tract of land was surveyed on 4 Aug 1825 by Lockey Simmons. Chain carriers were Daniel Hall and George Grimsley.

Oct 1830, 64 acres of land in Montgomery County on the south west side of the Yadkin River beginning at a Cherry tree in his old line and joining Stephen Kirk's line then with Beards line to Moses Crowell's line to a 200 acres tract owned by Moses Crowell and David Kimball. Chain carriers David Roper and Moses Crowell.

Nov 1830, Parham had a 40-acre tract of land surveyed in Montgomery County on the south west side of the Yadkin River on the waters of Lick Creek beginning where his and David Kendall's line intersects to Moses Crowell's line to Kirk's Jackson Kimball tract. Chain carriers Stephen Kirk and George Crowell.

In Oct 1830, 63 acres of land surveyed in Montgomery County south west Yadkin River beginning at Stephen Kirks corner to Crowell's corner to David Kendall's line. Chain carriers Stephen Kirk and Moses Crowell.

Oct 1831, 15.5 acres of land in Montgomery County south west side Yadkin River on the drains of Long Creek beginning at Thomas Crowell's corner of his Merryman tract and Howell Parker's corner of his Abednego Merriman tract. Chain carriers James Parker Jun and Howell Parker Sen.

Dec 1835, 63 acres of land in Montgomery County south west side Yadkin River adjoining Moses Crowell and others beginning at Moses Crowell's corner and runs with his River tract then with Beards line. Chain carriers Marvel Kirk and Aaron Crowell.

Apr 1838 surveyed 99 acres of land in Montgomery County adjoining Hiram Shaver's line and Mathis Barringer's line on the waters of Curl Tail Creek. Chain carriers George Crowell and Alison (?) Ridenhour.

Jan 1830 surveyed 7 acres of land in Montgomery County on the Yadkin River beginning at Daniel Kirk's and John Ru? corner on the bank of the river and at the mouth of Lick Creek and runs with Ru? line, formerly Moses Crowell's. Chain carriers J.A.H Parker and John Miller.

Dec 1843 surveyed 16 acres of vacant land in Stanly County (formed from Montgomery in 1841) on both sides of Lick Creek and south west side of Yadkin River adjoining his own line and James A. H. Parker's and others beginning at the mouth of said creek at Daniel Kirk's corner and Parham Kirk's 7 acre survey and joins Paul Barringer's line. Chain carriers Stephen Kirk and James A. H. Parker.
Nov 1850 surveyed 15 acres of land in Stanly County adjoining Wilee Earnhardt, George Crowell Sr and the lands of the heirs of William Hix dec'd on the waters of Curl Tail Creek and crossing the Fayetteville Road to a line of a 300-hundred-acre tract granted to John Kirk. Chain carriers George Crowell and William Stone.