Sunday, December 24, 2017

The Marks of Stanly County, North Carolina

For updated research be sure to read the Blog, I found your daddy, William Buck Marks

I am a history buff. I cannot help it. I love learning about people, places and the events of the day in the times in which they lived. I love to hear stories of how people lived and what was important to them in the era that they lived in. I am a fan of old graveyards, maps, newspapers, museums and storytelling. I have been reading a lot about the history of North Carolina of late, in particular the area of Stanly and Montgomery Counties and the adjacent counties to learn about the places and the people who populated these areas. I figured out early on that knowing the history of a place is vital if you want to know about the people who lived there. Where did these people come from? What means of travel did they use? Who were the families they joined when entering a town or left behind when going west or south as new land became available? Whom did they marry or divorce? Where did they go to school and church? Where did they bury their dead? What hardships did they face? What jobs did they work to make their livings? On and on the questions go. Sometimes, you learn about an ancestor who was a risk taker and find out fascinating things that they did. Other times, you learn that perhaps you could have lived without knowing your ancestor was not on the good side of the law; and of course, there is always that illusive ancestor who you know existed but can’t seem to find a paper trail to prove their existence if your life depended on it! Thus is my third great grandfather, William ‘Buck’ Marks. He is the very reason I began this Blog, to explore everything I can about everyone who lived around him in hopes of finding him somewhere in the documents of history.

Large-scale European settlement of the region known as Stanly County today, came in the mid-18th century via two primary waves: immigrants of German and Scots-Irish descent moved from Pennsylvania and New Jersey seeking enhanced religious and political tolerance, while immigrants of English backgrounds came from the region of Virginia and the Cape Fear River Basin in Eastern North Carolina. In early English colonial times, the Stanly County area was politically part of the New Hanover Precinct, out of which Bladen Precinct created in 1734. The renamed Bladen County subdivided to create Anson County in 1750, which in turn spawned Richmond and Montgomery Counties in 1779. (Wikipedia)

When researching an ancestor, one must also research the surrounding counties for relatives. Stanly County, formed from Montgomery County in 1841, and the Pee Dee River became the dividing point for the two counties. One day an ancestor could live in Anson County and the next live in Montgomery, Richmond, or Stanly Counties. Sometimes families did not move at all but the county line moved. It is important to include all the surrounding counties in your research. Depending on the dates your ancestor lived, you will want to look for your ancestors in each of the surrounding counties.

Adjacent counties to Stanly County are:
Rowan County - formed 1753 from the northern part of Anson County
Davidson County - formed 1822 from Rowan County
Montgomery County - formed 1779 from Anson County
Anson County - formed 1750 from Bladen County
Union County - formed 1842 from parts of Anson and Mecklenburg Counties
Cabarrus County - formed 1792 from Mecklenburg County
Richmond - formed 1779 from Anson County

I came across Elias Marks in the Daniel Freeman store ledger for Lawrenceville while searching for my third great grandfather, William ‘Buck’ Marks. Lawrenceville was the seat of Montgomery County, North Carolina (including the land that is now Stanly County) from about 1817 to about 1842. The Cochran family owned the original town plat, dated July 2, 1817. By the mid-1840s, the county seat moved to Troy, where it remains. The estimated population of Lawrenceville was about 500, with a Post Office established in 1818. The town had two General Stores, one belonging to Daniel Freeman. LANDTRUST of Central North Carolina now owns the 112-acre historical site.

Be sure to read Job’s Children Blog to learn more about Lawrenceville.

I found Elias Marks on page 45 in the Daniel Freeman store ledger for Lawrenceville making a purchase for a Ben (Marks). More on Ben to come in later Blogs. I do not know the relation between Elias and Ben but I know they knew each other personally, because they make purchases on behalf of one another. They also share the same surname, so it is logical to assume they are related.

You can read more about the ledger in my Blog Daniel Freeman’s Store Ledger.  

It is possible that Elias Marks is a brother to my William Marks and that he was born in Chatham County, NC about 1808. I believe, but cannot prove, that John and Catharine (Caty) Gunter Marks are the parents of my third great grandfather, William, as well as Elias Marks (both John and Catharine are in the Daniel Freeman store ledger). John Marks had a land grant for 100 acres of land on Clarks Creek in Montgomery County, North Carolina as early as 1807. Clarks Creek runs through the west side of Lawrenceville. Also possible, is that Elias was born in Montgomery County about a year after the family moved from Chatham County to Lawrenceville. William, born about 1795, would have been about 12 years old at the time of the move. The problem with this theory is that I am not able to find a John Marks in Chatham or Montgomery Counties with family members of the right age group for the 1800 Census and there is no John Marks in Montgomery County on the 1810 and following Census years. Yet, John Marks did exist as he is making purchases at the Daniel Freeman store in 1833, 1834, and 1835. Caty Marks is on the 1830 Census for Montgomery County but not the 1800, 1810 or 1820 Census. Therefore, the question is, how can a family own 100 acres of land for more than 25 years and be shown making purchases at the local General Store but not show up on the Census records? It is frustrating! More on John and Caty Marks in later Blogs as I discover new information.

I found the Elias Marks family on the 1840 Census in West Pee Dee, Montgomery County, North Carolina. This area would eventually become Stanly County. Elias married Judith Allen, most likely about 1837/8. Because the Montgomery County courthouse burned down several times, and records destroyed, there is no marriage record that I can find so, I am guessing on dates. Elias and Judith have three children, Mary Jane, born 1836, James, born 1839, and Sarah, born 1840. About this time in history, Montgomery County included the land east and west of the Pee Dee River. The citizens on the west side of the Pee Dee River had to travel to the courthouse in Lawrenceville by crossing the river on a raft or ferry. It became difficult and dangerous and the citizens demanded a new county established, with its own courthouse, on the west side of the Pee Dee River.

In Jan 1841, Montgomery County divided and the new county of Stanly established with Albemarle as the county seat. Those citizens who lived in Montgomery County now found themselves living in Stanly County. Elias Marks was one of those citizens who one day lived in one county and woke up the next day in another county. By the way, John Marks, of Montgomery County, District 6, signed the petition in 1838 to divide Montgomery County.

In 1850, Elias and his family lived in Center Township, directly on the Pee Dee River, in the new county of Stanly. The Pee Dee River became the dividing line for the two counties. Elias and Judith now have four children in their home, Mary Jane (14), James (11), Sarah (10), and Henry (2).

The 1860 Census finds the Elias Marks family in Stanly County. Elias now 53 and his wife, Judith, 41. Mary Jane and Sarah Marks are no longer living with their parents, yet I am not able to find marriage or death records for them. Mary Jane does show up later as M.J. Calloway, living with her parents on the 1870 Census. James (21) and Henry (13) and still at home. Two new names appear William E (9) and Judith A (6).

In 1870, Elias is now 62 and Judith, 58. William, 18 and Judith, 15 are still at home. James married Nancy Riggsbee in 1861, about a year after the 1860 Census. I have a few leads that Nancy Riggsbee may be from Chatham County, North Carolina. This would be of some interest as it might indicate a connection back to Chatham County, North Carolina, where, supposedly, my third great grandfather, William Marks, was born. Henry Marks is not on the 1870 Census but he is back in Albemarle, Stanly County by 1880, married to Ann Calloway, with six children. There are two new names in the Elias Marks house in 1870, Calloway Marks, 29, who is Mary Jane (see 1880 Census) and Judith F Marks, 9, her daughter.

The year 1880 finds Elias (72) and his wife, Judith (real age is about 67), in Albemarle, Stanly County. His daughter, Mary Jane (M.J.) Marks Calloway and granddaughter, Judith F, are still living with him. To my knowledge, Mary Jane never remarried. I am still not able to locate a marriage or death record for her and I have not completed my research on her daughter, Judie. Judith Ann Marks married William Harrison Kirk and moved to Texas. She and her husband both died and are buried there. It is between 1870 and 1880 that Henry Marks makes a move to Rockingham, Richmond County, North Carolina with his wife, Ann, and their children. William Marks, Henry’s brother, will leave for Texas where he marries Nancy Martin. Eventually, William and his wife, Nancy, move from Texas to Rockingham, North Carolina, near his Marks family. Both he and Nancy are buried in Rockingham.

Elias Marks died about 1889 in Stanly County, North Carolina. His will, probated on 30 May 1889 with his son, William Edgar Marks, listed as Administrator. Elias’ wife, Judith, not mentioned in the probate records and I assume she died between the 1880 Census and 1889. I have not been able to find a grave for either Elias or Judith.

Friday, December 15, 2017

The Marks of Chatham County, North Carolina

For updated research be sure to read the Blog, I found your daddy, William Buck Marks

Family history and the death certificate of my second great grandfather, Tom Marks, says that my third great grandfather, William Buck Marks’, place of birth is Chatham County, NC. I have been working under that assumption and have been researching the Marks families of Chatham in an attempt to connect the Marks of Montgomery and Chatham together. I must admit, that I have not had much luck yet; I am not closed to the possibility that my William Marks is from somewhere altogether different and do, when time permits, explore other areas, but, my main focus right now is Chatham County.

My first Marks find in Chatham County was that of William and Margaret Marks. While researching this family, I noticed Ancestry kept providing me the material in reverse order so, I learned about the death of William Marks before I learned about the life he had lived. A bit odd, but I went with it. William Marks died in 1842 in Chatham County, intestate (without a will). I first found his wife, Margaret, petitioning the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions in Chatham County for her dower. Her husband, William, now deceased, had left a considerable amount of real estate adjoining the land of Alfred Buchanan, James Womack and others consisting of 434 acres, another tract of land adjoining Thomas Ragland and John Partridge and others to contain 600 acres. Yet another tract of land adjoining John Bright and James Petty and others containing 150 acres. Margaret advised the court that her husband died leaving her a widow and the following surviving children: Richard, William, James, Nicholas, Sarah, the wife of William Farrell, Mary Eliza, the wife of John Harmon, Nancy, wife of Robert Sloan, and minor children, Margaret, Susan, and Lloyd.

The court ordered the Sherriff of Chatham County to summon a jury of good and lawful men of the county of Chatham to lay aside one third of the 1184 acres of land. The good and lawful men of Chatham County got around to it in Feb 1843 and finally in the May term of 1844, Margaret is given her dower of about 335 acres broken into two tracts of land. One tract of about 77 acres on the Cape Fear River and another containing about 258 acres and bordering the Raleigh Road, where the family currently resided, including the dwelling house and other out buildings. 

Margaret’s oldest son, Richard Salter Marks, appointed Administrator, goes about selling the household items of William Marks, his deceased father. To my amazement at the laws in 1844, Margaret Marks must purchase the very items that she had free use of the day before. Her older sons bought household and farm items, I am sure, to give back to their mother so she can provide a living for herself and her minor children. It is interesting that the Widow Marks bought “one blind horse called Fox.” I wonder why she wanted the blind horse.

Thus far, I have been able to find only four land grants to Marks’ in Chatham County, none of them for a William Marks. The investigation continues on how William and Margaret Marks acquired the more than 1000 acres of land. I will update this Blog once I find out.

Since I lived on the coast of NC for some years, I had heard the name Salter before, so, my attention caught when I read that Richard’s middle name was Salter. I knew Salter was a Surname on the eastern NC coast and I began to wonder if Salter could be the Widow Marks maiden name and she had given her son her family name as his middle name. I began to do searches on the name Margaret Salter and found that other researchers had Margaret listed with a maiden name of Salter but I was not able to connect her with any of the Salter families I found. I think others must have had the same idea as me. Although I do believe that Salter is most likely Margaret’s maiden name, I am not able to prove it yet. Others are braver than I am and have linked her to the ancestry of the early Salter’s of Bladen County, NC. I did find a Land Grant for a William Marks in Bladen County, NC dated 1808 but I do believe that the William and Margaret Marks in this Blog were in Chatham County by then. There are 29 land grants for Salter’s in Bladen County that I have researched but still, I cannot definitively say that Margaret is a Salter. I have filed the land grant and the Salter information away with other ‘circumstantial evidence’ in hopes of one day tying up all these loose ends.

Update: Margaret Marks is the daughter of William Salter of Bladen County, NC

Fayetteville Weekly Observer (Fayetteville, North Carolina) · 01 Feb 1848, Tue · Page 3

Both the Haw River and the Deep River dump into the Cape Fear River, which then flows through the counties of Cumberland, Harnett, Bladen and so on before it eventually dumps into the Atlantic Ocean near Wilmington. In Colonial days, the Cape Fear River was a means of transportation into the interior of North Carolina, and the Marks’ could have been one of the many Scots-Irish families who landed in Wilmington and made their way to what is now Chatham County and settled there.

On November 11, 1844, Margaret Marks, awarded custody of her own child, Lloyd Marks, who is called a lunatic. By Feb 1848, William Marks, son of William and Margaret Marks, appointed guardian over Lloyd Marks as Margaret Marks died. I have great admiration for Margaret Marks. As I researched this woman, I could see that she knew how to take care of business and she learned not only from her own mistakes but from those of her husband too. I got the feeling, as I read through the court papers, that even though Richard, her son, may have been the Administrator on paper, Margaret was probably the one taking care of business behind the scene. Margaret did learn through the experience of her husband not having a will and ensured the support of her son, Lloyd, by writing a will before she died.

In Feb 1849, less than a year after his mother died, William Marks Jr is back in court to settle the estate of Lloyd Marks, his brother. In 1896, William Marks Jr dies, intestate, learning nothing from the experience of earlier years when his father died with no will.

The children of William and Margaret Marks are:
Sarah Marks 1803-1880 m. William S ‘Buck’ Farrell
Richard Salter Marks 1805-1869 m. Elizabeth Jane Brown
William Marks Jr 1807–1896 m. Sarah Gunter
James McKay Marks 1809-1869
Susannah Marks 1812-unknown
Nancy Ann Marks 1813-1871 m. Robert Sloan
Mary Eliza Marks 1814-unknown m. John Harmon
Nicholas H. Marks 1822-1900 m. Anna Patterson
Lloyd S. Marks d. 1849
Margaret Marks unknown birth and death dates